Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or

Condition of English in Bangladesh

Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or

The mother tongue or first language is probably the most favorite thing for any person. The language issue has

caused a lot of conflict and dissatisfaction. The best example of such discontent is the 1952 Language Movement in

Bangladesh. On the other hand, we cannot live in isolation. We need to be in touch with users of other languages.

Bangladesh is considered a monolingual country with over 98% of the population speaking Bangla. However, in a

small country like Bangladesh, there are more than ten languages. present Bangladesh.

Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or

An interesting fact is that Urdu is an Indo-European language, but written in the Arabic alphabet, Santali belongs to

the Mono-Khemar language family, and Chakma belongs to the Sino-Barman language group. So, while Bangladesh

is often portrayed as a country of linguistic unity based on the Bangla language, it is in fact characterized by

considerable linguistic diversity. To communicate with users of other languages, we either need to know their

language or communicate in Lingua-Franca, which is understandable to both of us.

Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or

Condition of English in Bangladesh
Condition of English in Bangladesh

Today the world has become a global village. Thanks to the advancement of the communication system and

technology. Each country is dependent on the others for trade and commerce, education, politics, etc. As a result, we

must constantly communicate with other countries and speakers of different languages. Third-world countries such

as Bangladesh have to rely on foreign aid because they are not self-sufficient.  The third factor is the religious factor.

The holy language of Muslims is Arabic, Sanskrit for Hindus, Pali for Buddhists, and Latin for Christians.

All these factors remind us of the need to learn other languages besides our mother tongue. In line with this reality,

many countries of the world have adopted the European language as a second language, which is often used in

education, court, business, and government work. These languages have, in most cases, official status in the

Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or

constitutions of these countries. In many cases, countries adopted the language of their former colonial rulers as a

second language. Sometimes these languages are also called official languages. We can see this picture in many

African countries.   and economic purposes. For example, German and French are considered important world

languages as they both have influential literature and related economic aspects.


Nations and work in international companies. Another attractive motivation to learn French in Bangladesh is that it

can help us immigrate to Canada as being able to speak French gives a person extra points in the Canadian Immigration point system.

r a foreign language?” I chose this topic because, from a sociolinguistic point of view, the status of the English

Condition of English in Bangladesh: Second Language or

Condition of English in Bangladesh
Condition of English in Bangladesh

language is very interesting. On the one hand, English dominates every aspect of our national life, on the other hand,

our constitution clearly states that the language of the country is Bangla.

the English language in our constitution.

Second language:

The second language is any language other than the first or mother tongue;

reasons. The term must be distinguished from the foreign language; Linguist Eric Lenneberg uses the second

language in his critical period hypothesis as the language consciously learned or used by his interlocutor after

adolescence. In most cases, people never reach the same level of fluency and understanding in their second language

as they do in their first language.

Historically, Latin has been the most widely used second language (or lingua franca) in Europe.

Church; through the Law (as it is today); in medicine (starting much later); Horticultural and biological classification

of plants, animals, fruits, nuts, etc.

; therefore the Latin ver

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