Agriculture in India

Agriculture in India

Agriculture in India
Agriculture in India

India is a land of agriculture. This is what we read in our geography books when we were children and this is what we

say now, adults that we are. It is not that we have not progressed industrially in these forty years after independence.

that can manufacture and launch its own satellites. But mainly we are still farmers.

Seventy-five percent of the population is related to agriculture in one way or another. We are number one in the

world in sugarcane production and number two in rice. We are only next to China in tea and Egypt in cotton. And

again in peanuts, we are number one.

But in so many firsts and seconds, we are nowhere near self-sufficiency in food. To feed the millions of our poor, who

eat not even two meals a day, we import year after year wheat from America, rice from Burma, sugar from Indonesia

and cotton from Egypt. One reason that is out of the question is their multiplying mouths, although there are others

that are not so obvious. Due to unscientific conservation methods and poor storage conditions, millions of tons of

food products are washed away by floods, if not spoiled over time.

Agriculture in India

Agriculture in India
Agriculture in India

But it is our customary practice to blame the poor farmer first for his primitive farming methods. With a small parcel

of land that will not allow a large tractor to maneuver, without enough capital to buy expensive implements, not even

to buy fertilizers and pesticides, without perennial irrigation facilities, how can you adapt to modern conditions? His

ignorance, lack of education, and heavy debt keep him firmly rooted in a state of helplessness, as a great revolution

unfolds in front of his eyes.

What farmer loves to see his crops wither from lack of water? Or wouldn’t you like to get the maximum harvests if he

could help you with an extra supply of manure? Whether we accept it or not, agriculture is an industry and, like any

other industry, it needs capital. The poor farmer with insufficient property can never hope to have it. There may be

cooperative credit societies and rural banks. Ignorance of him prevents you from breaking through the bureaucracy

and getting timely help. It is no wonder then that the average yield per acre remains the lowest in the world.

India is one of the most fertile areas in the world. The Indo-Gangetic Plain can easily become the world’s food plate

and feed it alone and completely. But, most of the water from its rivers runs into the sea and in times of flooding

floods vast areas, killing livestock and people alike, destroying thousands of acres of standing crops, washing village

after village and finally becoming the pain of the earth. .

Agriculture in India

If we have a Bhakra Nangal project we do not know how to divide the water, to the satisfaction of all the states

involved, that we follow the path of prudence and prosper. Not long ago, an engineer had the grand vision of linking

the Kaveri to the Ganges, which he called “Project Ganga Kaveri” and demonstrated with figures and calculations

that it was feasible. But before he could gain popular approval, he lost his cabinet position and the plan was thrown

into the trash can.

Today, we do not know if we should go ahead with the construction of the Narmada Valley Project, which would

perhaps turn vast arid areas into beautiful green belts. There are really important people, still arguing for and

against, even after spending millions of rupees on project work. It is not the management of water that we must

learn, but its management of distribution. Andhra Pradesh was allowed until the end of the century to use the

surplus waters of Krishna that would drain into the Bay of Bengal anyway, but the Karnataka government did not

allow it.

Agriculture in India

His million dollar argument is: “If you use it now, you will be tempted to use it tomorrow.” This is the latest in

regionalism. It is no wonder that the people of the city of Madras languish thirsty from a drought of clean water.

Only a Bhagiratha should carry the Telugu Ganges to Madras.

Currently more than 175 million acres are cultivated and there are almost 60 million acres that can be plowed. Even

after the recovery of these vast areas, the country cannot achieve self-sufficiency in food, as primitive methods are

used. They can add another 30 million tons, which will not be enough to feed the ever-growing mouths. The rate of

land reclamation cannot keep up with the rate of population growth, which is

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